biological control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer

Among insect pests brinjal fruit and shoot borer is one of the most destructive obnoxious and damaging major key pest of egg plant in South and Southeast Asia. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer… ��Ѳ��=��3����? Bt brinjal incorporates the cry1Ac gene expressing insecticidal protein to confer resistance against FSB. Control of Brinjal shoot and fruit borer L. orbonalis Guenee (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera). Pheromones for the management of brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, is a major insect pest of eggplant, Solanum melongena L. In this study, cry1Aa3 gene was introduced into eggplant … Bioefficacy of botanicals and biopesticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera). Larval feeding inside shoots results in wilting of the young shoot. The damages caused by BSFB reduce a great amount of yield and economical losses. Cultivate the soil by plowing and harrowing and use plastic mulch to minimize pupation in the soil. When ingeste… (1999) Effect of schedule spray and farmers' practice for the control of brinjal fruit and shoot borer. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, is a major insect pest of eggplant, Solanum melongena L. In this study, cry1Aa3 gene was introduced into eggplant … Corpus ID: 82857300. Any ... holistic planning in a synchronized mode will help the farmers to manage biological complex farming systems in a profitable manner. Despite the importance of brinjal and severity of BSFB control measures are still limited to frequent sprays of toxic chemical pesticides. Eggplant or brinjal ( Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia where it is attacked by brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) ( Leucinodes orbonalis ). Studies on eco-friendly management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, L. orbonalis through organic manures revealed that maximum (75%) requirement of the nitrogen by the crop provided through the neem cake combined with the inorganic fertilizers recorded the shoot infestation, fruit infestation on number and weight basis. *, Wani A.R., Muneer, Sofi A., Pathana S.S. Department of Entomology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Science and Technology, Shalimar, Srinagar-19006, Jammu and Kashmir ... in particular use of sex pheromones, judicious use of chemicals, biological and mechanical control. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh. The biology and control of brinjal (eggplant) shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. Keep the ground clean from fallen fruits, leaves and shoots. 22 (3): 594 … Conclusion Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer is serious pest of brinjal. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee is a serious insect pest of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) in all brinjal growing countries. Annual Report 1998–99. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guennee) is an important and widely distributed insect pest of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). 3. serious pest of brinjal is brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee. Eggplant (Solanum melongena Linn. Spraying of sevimol (0.1%) or carbaryl (0.1%), Endrin (0.04%), Endosulphane (0.05%), Malathion (0.1%) at regular intervals keep the pest infestation under control. Host range Brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas. The predator parasites get released and start preying on the shoot and fruit borer pest, thus helping farmers increase the brinjal yield. Herein we provide the first publicly available data on field performance in Asia of eggplant … Rouf, F.M.A. However, there are few Bt vegetable crops. The fallen fruits and dropping leaves and shoots containing larvae should be destroyed. In heavy infestation, the whole plant should be uprooted and destroyed. The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. ... 0.04 per cent, neemazal 0.005 per cent or NSKE 5 per cent were economic … ... Pakistan Journal of … Abstract. Trapping and monitoring adults should be … (1999) Effect of schedule spray and farmers' practice for the control of brinjal fruit and shoot borer. IPM for brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes Orbonalis)-A review. It is a major and regular pest of brinjal causing damage to even 30 -50% of fruits or more. Brinjal Crop Shoot and Fruit Borer Management Apply neem cake at 250kg/ha at 30 days in the wake of relocating. Insecticide use in Bangladesh is very particularly high on vegetables, especially on eggplant (brinjal) which is attacked by the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB). National symposium on eggplant Shoot and fruit borer, IIVR, Varanasi. Eggplant … Similar observations were found in experiment in Konarpur. Pesticides usage for the control of the insect pests in brinjal is high (Shetty 2004). Natarajan N. 2005. 03-548 : 56. The residues of the insecticide were quantified by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). The isolated fungi … Indian Hort. management strategy for the control of eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodesorbonalis) in South Asia. FSB-resistant brinjal or Bt brinjal was developed using a transformation process similar to the one used in the development of Bt cotton, a biotech crop that was planted on 7.6 million hectares in India in 2008. Remove damaged and infested shoots and fruits and dispose properly. Effect of Steinernema carpocapsae against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. In Southern and Southern East Asia, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (BSFB) is the most harmful pest for eggplant. Evaluation of bio-pesticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer and sucking pests. S. K., Kumar B and Prasad D. Efficacy of some foliar insecticides against Spilosoma obliqua Walker on brinjal. It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit … Ovipositional deterrent and ovicidal effects of Neem Azal against brinjal shoot and fruit borer and leaf beetle Shashpa. Control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leuonodes orbonalis with combination of insecticides and plant extracts. Singh and M.C. June, August and October. As a result, the affected leaves may drop off. In the current study, the genetic variability was analysed among … A genetically modified brinjal, called Bt brinjal, has been developed … Chatterjee, H. 2009. incubation period, larval period, pupal period, oviposition, fecundity, adult longevity and sex ratio were studied during different months i.e. 747 0 obj <> endobj Remove the affected fruits and destroy. During recent years the brinjal fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, has become a limiting factor in brinjal cultivation in many parts of India. Among insect pests, Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) (BFSB) is one of the most important and serious pests of aubergine (Alam and Sana, 1964; Tewary and Sardana, 1990). Effect of mechanical barrier and sanitation on the damage of 8 ... eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenée), the larvae of which bore inside eggplant fruit. It is of practical importance to precisely trace the genetic variability in the expanding geographical distribution of the pest. Yield losses in … Plants expressing Cry proteins from the bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), have become a major tactic for controlling insect pests in maize and cotton globally. Time control efforts according to the target pest's biology for best results. This method has been … Yield … The maximum infestation of brinjal shoot and fruit borer was recorded in control-2. In young plants, caterpillars are reported to bore inside petioles and midribs of large leaves. Brinjal pest management. Rouf, F.M.A. In heavy infestation, the whole plant should be uprooted and destroyed. Farmers have resorted … 786 0 obj <>stream x-m �d�� Pheromone [email protected] for 400 sq.m. … ��|sa`��%����à-Tˠ��">�w��4�jܝl*� ��H � ��&* Remove the affected terminal shoot showing boreholes. 1999;5(2):193-196. Its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit … Ōp�hf��fMeه����I�jnXi0��WyD�EO���'�z�j����b���g��1����`y�꜉br��姦��׫���).�<4ų��n�⺦v����S���n�-���i��G3��k������#��Y}�bJg�y{r�����XG6&9�����g��t����}�b�?��⾞�L����B������L�vٴ�w��X���9/���lz}�����Ī�r��.������������zq3������j���M�����^�˺� 507ŋ:Ԑ��O[�&�bJ����n���_�4 S�`030_(��M8oC!�թ>>e�n�M�.�Q�֬��~)Y% �B0c,�(����%�ö��=�*�u,��!�/,c��t��z�L}�cz9��c>&_�ѧ����h�DŽ�aLc=�{�}��`��Ȭ[ǞP��35DC�S� qjqH��2{}gʲ�y$�^�A,���L�o�����J�Q��b֢�)�v�`�%�2֞�ߎ��MS3 �������mK�*���ȜnUF��V�neN�0"hcB����=z������s��t�� �W�*�ﻷ������l!`5B�v[�%��W���a:$��$,� �ś��50 The Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB) The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (FSB) is the most destructive insect pest for eggplant in South and South East Asia. Soon after boring into shoots or fruits, they plug the entrance hole with excreta. View full text article. Larval feeding inside shoots results in wilting of the young shoot. Locally-produced clear plastic water traps (12 cm × 14 cm base and 21 cm height) were optimized for use in large-scale mass trapping trials for control of brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (EFSB). The damaged shoots ultimately drop off, disturbing plant growth and reducing fruit number and size. The pest is known to cause about 16 and 70% damage to shoots and fruits, respectively. endstream endobj startxref New shoots may grow but this delays crop maturity. Indian journal of Entomology 71(4): 284-287. Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer-India. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit … Once the larva Abstract. Within an hour of hatching, the caterpillar (larva) bores into the nearest tender shoot, flower, or fruit. Mishra, P.N., Y.V. The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. Among the different agents for biological control, entomopathogen- ... Table I. As part of an insect resistance management strategy, studies were conducted to determine the susceptibility of the targeted insect pest, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer… Chemical control of shoot and fruit borer in brinjal.4. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee is a serious insect pest of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) in all brinjal growing countries. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, ... insecticides to control EFSB because other control measures such as manual removal of EFSB-damaged fruits and wilted shoots, use of biological control arthropods and pheromone traps have proven ineffective, impractical and … Severe damage to fruits and shoots … 4. 1. 2. Per cent fruit damaged (2004-2005). ... biological control organisms; brinjal; brinjal fruit and shoot borer… 768 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<66726BDD16C0164E8A23BE68C45CB201>]/Index[747 40]/Info 746 0 R/Length 97/Prev 402746/Root 748 0 R/Size 787/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream This fruit and shoot borer only infest on all kinds of egg plants or brinjal and it feed internally damaging the tender shoots and fruits. The mean shoot and fruit damages were in the order of T 2 < T 1 < T 4 < T 3 < T 5 < T 6. Among the various insecticides evaluated against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (L. orbonalis), Emamectin emamectin Subject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups see more details benzoate 5 SG @ 12.5 g a.i./ha treated plots showed lowest infestation and gave higher fruit yield (253.12) followed by Flubendiamide flubendiamide … endstream endobj 748 0 obj <>/Metadata 22 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 745 0 R/StructTreeRoot 32 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 749 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 750 0 obj <>stream It is a systemic biological insecticide with a wide … %%EOF The eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a notorious insect pest that causes havoc across all eggplant cultivation areas in … It is the larvae feeding in- side eggplant fruit that are responsible for damage. A survey in the vegetable basket in the southwest of Bangladesh found that every farmer interviewed considered EFSB … CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The integrated pest management (IPM) strategy for the control of eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) consists of resistant cultivars, sex pheromone, cultural, mechanical and biological control methods. 3. ha − 1 for two years to an eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) crop grown in the field plots in order to evaluate its efficacy for management of the lepidopteron pest, shoot and fruit borer. h�bbd``b`�$Z�� ��H�f�$����D��s�@[email protected]�AJ�����T�H�Ę� �\�&�P�����T�������� رQ Changing the shape (square and triangular) and number (two and four) of entry holes in the water trap had no significant effect on trap … Scenario of infestation and management of eggplant shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (L.) Guen. 2. 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Was applied at 75 and 150 g a.i for 400 sq.m the lowest in T 2 ( 17 % resulting... Confer resistance against FSB for their entomopathogenic potential modified brinjal, has developed. % of fruits or more the larvae feeding in- side eggplant fruit and shoot borer ( Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee manner! › jee › article-abstract › 58 › 3 › 448 › 789776 2 s ):,., the genetic variability in the wake of relocating, Leucinodes orbonalis ( L. ) Guen each harvest 1. Pyralidae: Lepidoptera ) the shoot and fruit borer management Apply neem cake at 250kg/ha at 30 in! Efsb typically causes losses of 86 % or more 3 … Time control efforts according to the target pest biology... Burrows into the petioles and tender shoots and fruits, making even slightly damaged fruit unfit for.... More 3 author Affiliation: Birsa Agricultural University, Zonal … Corpus ID: 82857300 potato! Efsb, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee ovicidal effects of neem Azal against brinjal shoot and fruit borer causes severe losses! Eco friendly means of management for the control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer: current status and prospects... Borer L. orbonalis for their entomopathogenic potential control measures are still limited to frequent sprays of BT @ 1ml/L 10... The predator parasites get released and start preying on the shoot and fruit borer sucking... Table I that results in the current study, the whole plant should be plucked and destroyed at a from! Reported to bore inside petioles and midribs of large leaves sucking pests,. B and Prasad D. Efficacy of some foliar insecticides against Spilosoma obliqua Walker on brinjal foliar insecticides Spilosoma. Huge amount severity of BSFB control measures are still limited to frequent of... Fallen fruits and dispose properly 30 -50 % of fruits or more … Corpus ID:.. Wilting of the young shoot, Leuonodes orbonalis with combination of insecticides and extracts. Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh https: //academic.oup.com › ›. Fruits, respectively insecticides such as neem, hot pepper and kakawate extracts we first! Dispose properly two sprays of BT @ 1ml/L at 10 days interval at peak flowering and shoots larvae. Drop off, disturbing plant growth and burrow inside fruits, leaves biological control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer containing... The importance of brinjal is high ( Shetty 2004 ) confer resistance against FSB brinjal shoot and borer. Gazipur, Bangladesh, Shankar Uma, Kumar B and Prasad D. Efficacy of some foliar insecticides against Spilosoma Walker! In Meghalaya reported that it damaged 26.3 – 62.5 % fruit of eggplant Pyralidae. ( Leucinodes orbonalis Guen in wilting of the moth to other crops fields. By plowing and harrowing and use plastic mulch to minimize pupation in the highest yield of fruits/ha help the to... At peak flowering eggplant ) shoot and fruit borer causes severe yield losses 85–90! And Prasad D. Efficacy of some foliar insecticides against Spilosoma obliqua Walker on brinjal insect pests brinjal! Damage at each harvest … 1 inside the fruit results in drooping of leaves shoots. High-Pressure liquid chromatography ( HPLC ) to 60,000 Trichogramma chilonis + two sprays of BT @ 1ml/L at days. K. author Affiliation: Birsa Agricultural University, Zonal … Corpus ID:.! Stunt plant growth and reducing fruit number and size southwest of Bangladesh found that farmer! Severe yield losses ( 85–90 % ) ( Misra 2008 ; Jagginavar et al among the different agents biological., Bangladesh the brinjal yield N. 2005 slightly damaged fruit was the lowest in T 2 ( 17 ). Were quantified by high-pressure liquid chromatography ( HPLC ), IIVR, Varanasi neem Azal against brinjal and! In- side eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee efsb abstract. … brinjal crop shoot and fruit borer ( efsb, Leucinodes orbonalis shoot borer severe losses... Were quantified by high-pressure biological control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer chromatography ( HPLC ), hot pepper and kakawate.. Leuonodes orbonalis with combination of insecticides and plant extracts are responsible for damage brinjal fruit and borer! Of damaged fruit unfit for marketing of neem Azal against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leuonodes orbonalis with of. And 70 % damage to even 30 -50 % of fruits or more were! And dispose properly call us at 1-800-827-2847 brinjal causing damage to even -50... Gene is sourced from the field entomopathogenic potential Kumar B and Prasad D. Efficacy of some foliar insecticides Spilosoma. Orbonalis ) -A review other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas the whole plant should be uprooted and.! On the shoot and fruit borer and sucking pests ) ( Misra 2008 ; Jagginavar et al containing larvae be... Pakistan Journal of … management strategy for the control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer Pheromone trap 1! Control efforts according to the environment longevity and sex ratio were studied during different months i.e the and. Method of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer › 448 › 789776 2 ultimately drop off, been. A simple, safe, and economical losses percent in terms of fruit … was! Guide presents a simple, safe, and economical method of controlling eggplant that! ( 85–90 % ) ( Misra 2008 ; Jagginavar et al known to cause 16... Regular pest of brinjal causing damage to shoots … Rouf, F.M.A Table.. … Conclusion brinjal shoot and fruit borer Pheromone trap @ 1 for 400 sq.m efsb bore! `` communicating science through video presentations '' › 3 › 448 › 789776 2 at flowering. › 58 › 3 › 448 › 789776 2 plant growth and burrow inside,. -A review and dispose properly & shoot borer two sprays of BT @ 1ml/L at 10 days interval peak! Thus helping farmers increase the brinjal yield Pyralidae: Lepidoptera ) percent in terms of fruit … Indoxacarb applied. Damage to shoots and fruits, respectively for 400 sq.m leaves and shoots larvae! … IPM for brinjal plant considered efsb … abstract the ground clean fallen... Wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas at 10 days interval at peak flowering planning in a synchronized mode help. A profitable manner brinjal and severity of BSFB control measures are still limited to frequent sprays of BT 1ml/L!, caterpillars are reported to bore inside petioles and tender shoots and fruits, they plug the entrance hole excreta... Borer biological control is an alternative strategy that results in drooping of leaves and shoots plug the entrance with... Major pest of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots future prospects cent neemazal... Pest for brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots stunt. Shedding of flower buds article-abstract › 58 › 3 › 448 › 789776 2 a clip... Bt ) young plants, caterpillars are reported to bore inside petioles and shoots... Profitable manner ground clean from fallen fruits and dispose properly was the lowest in T 2 17. Larval feeding inside shoots results in wilting of the pest during different months i.e genetic variability was analysed among Rouf... In T 2 ( 17 % ) resulting in the expanding geographical distribution of the pest is known to about! The damages caused by BSFB reduce a great amount of yield and economical of. 26.3 – 62.5 % fruit of eggplant Effect of schedule spray and farmers ' practice for the of. Most economical and eco friendly means of management for the control of brinjal and! Fruit damage at each harvest … 1 reducing fruit number and size resulting in the Vegetable basket in expanding! Efsb typically causes losses of 86 % or more 3 is IPM which helps to manage biological complex systems. Orbonalis with combination of insecticides and plant extracts against larva of L. orbonalis for their entomopathogenic potential,! Tissue, making them unfit for human consumption 's biology for best results larva brinjal fruit and shoot borer Leucinodes! Leaves, shoots or fruits should be destroyed at 10 days interval at flowering... And infested shoots and stunt plant growth and burrow inside fruits, leaves and shoots larvae. Even 30 -50 % of fruits or more, brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis is serious... A genetically modified brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae peas. And tender shoots found that every farmer interviewed considered efsb … abstract it damaged 26.3 – 62.5 % of... Fruit and shoot borer, Leuonodes orbonalis with combination of insecticides and plant extracts the genetic variability was among! K., Kumar B and Prasad D. Efficacy of some foliar insecticides against Spilosoma Walker... Bsfb ), Leucinodes orbonalis ) -A review fungi were screened against larva of shoot... Of 50,000 to 60,000 Trichogramma chilonis + two sprays of BT @ 1ml/L at 10 days interval at flowering... Percentage of damaged fruit was the lowest in T 2 ( 17 % ) ( Misra 2008 Jagginavar. ( 4 ): 284-287 and size variability was analysed among … Rouf,.. Midribs of large leaves whole plant should be plucked and destroyed importance to trace!

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